In the north of Basilicata, Southern Apennines, about 93 Miles (150 km) from Naples to Bari, on the same latitude, there is the mountain range of the Vulture.

Volcano that last erupted about 133,000 years ago, but that cannot be considered off.

The eruptive activity has deeply affected the whole area, through the deposit of ashes, with their compaction, have been transformed into the tuff.  This plays an extraordinary absorb water from the heavy rains ranging from autumn to late spring.

Water that becomes available in the summer when the rainfall is reduced to zero, with temperatures often reach 104,0 °F (40 °C).

The water supply of the tuffs becomes so vital! The peasants say that the tuff "feeding" the plant! Beautiful expression reminiscent of Mom that supports and cares for her son in trouble!

The Vulture with its 4.354 ft ols. is the tallest mountain in the area and plays, climatically, some extraordinary! When, in the middle of summer, and dry and warm currents from Africa, generating very critical condition for the life of plants (do not forget that the lives and 'typical of wetlands and marshes and would like to grow as a vine!), the mountain breeze creates phenomena, attracting more fresh air at night.

There are incredible variations in temperature! Even at 68,0 °F (20°C)! These characteristics are typical of the highest areas between 1.148 – 1.641 ft above level sea, the High Vulture.

Throughout the South, is the only area to have these features! Only here the Aglianico del Vulture can ripen well and refine its tannins, otherwise, too harsh and astringent!

Pedoclimatic features

Italia

  1. Mount Vulture (4.354 ft) and hill vineyards (1.148 – 1.641 ft, o.l.s.)
  2. Hot winds from Africa; lack of rain precipitations for about two months and temperatures reaching 104 °F (40 °C)
  3. Temperature range between night and day (about 68,0 °F - 20°C!!)
  4. Volcanic Soil
  5. The tuff "milking" the plant.